St Bernard's are susceptible to common health issues. We’ll cover some of the more common here.
When in doubt always seek medical advice from your veterinarian.
Joint and skeletal issues - St Bernard's suffer from some joint and skeletal issues related to their size including hip and elbow dysplasia. Proper nutrition goes a long way to promoting good bone and joint health.
Cancers - Just like humans, the cancers St Bernard’s have are treatable and sometimes cured when diagnosed early so see your vet. Check for lumps or swelling that does not heal and look for inflammation that is persistent.
Like humans, St Bernard’s may have bone cancer in the form of bone tumors, melanoma (which is common in their mouths), or lymphoma which is a cancer of blood and lymphoid tissues.
They may also have Hemangiosarcoma which is a form of malignant cancer which spreads rapidly and is commonly in advanced stages before it is diagnosed. It is most commonly found in the heart and spleen. And finally, they may have skin cancers called mast cell tumors. Cardiomyopathy - Cardiomyopathy is disease of the heart muscles resulting in deterioration in the condition of the myocardium. Symptoms include abnormal heartbeat, breathing difficulties, and excessive agitation.
Gastrointestinal disease in St Bernard’s can be caused by a dietary intolerance or odd things they ingest. GI disease is commonly marked by diarrhea, weight loss, vomiting, constipation, discomfort, or a loss of appetite. To compound our St Bernard’s GI disease he began exhibiting Pica which is a is when a dog eats non digestible materials such as mulch, rocks, and plastic.
Ears - St Bernard’s may have issues with ear Infections, allergies causing ear problems, or ear mites. Be sure to clean your St Bernard’s ears and inspect them regularly for any issues.
Eye issues such as entropion (eyelid rolls inward) and ectropion (eyelid rolls outward) as well as common issues with allergies, dirt or debris. Fleas and ticks should be treated throughout the spring and summer seasons.
Kidneys may fail in dogs just like humans. Be sure to keep your St Bernard hydrated you may notice weakness, frequent urination, increased or decreased thirst, vomiting or loss of appetite. Seek veterinary help.
Spay and neuter – Spaying and neutering your pets is always encouraged our recent St Bernard's came from a litter of 9 plus mom and dad = 11.